Fireworks are meant to be dramatic - for the audience in front of them. But capturing that drama in camera is another matter. For a start, it's dark (most of the time) and for another, fireworks are dynamic: the display builds over time.

So the photographer really needs to guess an average exposure for the dsiplay in question and make a judgement on the shutter speed to give the right amount of 'trails' to each explosion. Then press the shutter at the right moment.

The photographs in this gallery were shot at more than one display, generally around the settings of 1/10s at f4 and ISO 1000 with focus set at manual. Most have had levels and contrast enhanced in Photshop Elements but the pattern recorded is untouched.

Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum

Spectacular!

Spectacular!

Spermatozoon

Spermatozoon

Red Chrysanthemum

Red Chrysanthemum

Grand Finale

Grand Finale